Monday, August 30, 2010

Your Blood Pressure

Blood is carried from the heart to all parts of our body in vessels which are known as arteries. Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries. With each of our heart beat, the heart pumps the blood into the arteries and the blood pressure is at its highest. This is called systolic pressure. When the heart is at rest, between beats, the blood pressure falls. This is what diastolic pressure is.

Blood pressure is always denoted by these systolic and diastolic pressures such as 120/80 mmHg. The top number is the systolic and the bottom one is diastolic. Both are important. These levels should be lower than 120/80. When the level stays high, 140/90 or higher, you have high blood pressure.

Blood pressure is lowest when you sleep and rises when you get up. It may rise when you are excited, nervous or extra-active.

With high blood pressure, the heart works harder, your chances of a stroke, heart attack, and kidney problems are greater

High blood pressure is also called the “silent killer” because it usually has no symptoms. If not controlled over time, high blood pressure can affect not only your heart and blood vessels but also other organs.

• Normal blood pressure is <120 mm of Hg systolic and < 80 mm of Hg diastolic

• Pre-hypertension is <120-139 mm of Hg systolic and < 80-89 mm of Hg diastolic

• Stage 1 hypertension is 140-159 mm of Hg systolic and 90-99 mm of Hg diastolic

• Stage 2 hypertension is =/>160 mm of Hg systolic and =/>100 mm of Hg diastolic

The World Health Organization says that "ideally blood pressure should not be greater than 115/75 mm of Hg.

You have a higher chance of having high blood pressure if

• If someone in your family has or has had high blood pressure

• If you are overweight

• If you have fat around your stomach more than around the hips

• High blood pressure is often a prediabetic state.

Simple steps to keep your blood pressure under control

Brisk Walking— Walking at a brisk pace can help lower your pressure. A good workout will ensure the heart uses oxygen more efficiently. Getting a rigorous cardio workout 4 to 5 times a week can make a huge difference. Start by incorporating about 15 minutes of exercise in your daily routine and slowly increase the time and difficulty level.

Deep Breathing — Learning some slow breathing and meditation techniques can do wonders. It will help reduce stress drastically and keep your blood pressure in check. Try taking out 10 minutes every morning and at night. Inhale and exhale deeply. If you can, join a yoga class for some time so that you can learn the proper method.

Go for potassium-rich foods — you have probably heard of the negative effects of sodium on the body and potassium is an essential mineral to counter the effects of sodium on blood pressure. Fruits and vegetables are rich in potassium. Try adding sweet potatoes, tomatoes, orange juice, potatoes, bananas, peas, and prunes and raisins to your regular diet.

Go slow on the salt — Whether you have a family history of high blood pressure or not, reducing your intake of salt can make a huge difference to your health. Before adding that extra pinch of salt to your food, think if you really need it. Try substituting salt with lime, garlic, pepper or other herbs and spices. Go slow on processed and packaged foods.

Tea benefits — Herbal teas are the way to go. In a study conducted, those who sipped on hibiscus tea daily lowered their blood pressure. Many herbal teas contain hibiscus or you can always opt for green tea.

Reduce work and relax — Reducing the number of hours you spend in office can help lower hypertension. Working overtime makes it hard to exercise and eat healthy. Ensure that you get out of office at a decent hour. Learning to relax by listening to soothing music can help.

(Based on various reference works from different websites)

Saturday, August 28, 2010

Love letter by a Maths Scholar

My Dear Sweetheart,

Yesterday, I was passing by your rectangular house in trigonometric lane.

There I saw you with our cute circular face, conical nose and spherical eyes, standing in your triangular garden. Before seeing you my heart was a null set, but when a vector of magnitude (likeness) from your eyes at a deviation of theta radians made a tangent to my heart, it differentiated. My love for you is a quadratic equation with real roots, which only you can solve by making good binary relation with me.

The cosine of my love for you extends to infinity.

I promise that I should not resolve you into partial functions but if I do so, you can integrate me by applying the limits from zero to infinity. You are as essential to me as an element to a set.

The geometry of my life revolves around your acute personality. My love, if you do not meet me at parabola restaurant on date 10 at sunset, when the sun is making an angle of 160 degrees, my heart would be like a solved polynomial of degree 10.
With love from your higher order derivatives of maxima and minima of an unknown function.

Truly Yours

Wednesday, August 11, 2010

Proud to be an INDIAN

Q. Who is the GM of Hewlett Packard (hp) ?
A. Rajiv Gupta

Q. Who is the creator of Pentium chip (needs no introduction as 90% of the today's computers run on it)?
A. Vinod Dahm

Q. Who is the third richest man on the world?
A. According to the latest report on Fortune Magazine, it is Azim Premji, who is the CEO of Wipro Industries. The Sultan of Brunei is at 6 th position now.

Q. Who is the founder and creator of Hotmail (Hotmail is world's No.1 web based email program)?
A. Sabeer Bhatia

Q. Who is the president of AT & T-Bell Labs (AT & T-Bell Labs is the creator of program languages such as C, C++, Unix to name a few)?
A. Arun Netravalli

Q. Who is the new MTD (Microsoft Testing Director) of Windows 2000, responsible to iron out all initial problems?
A. Sanjay Tejwrika

Q. Who are the Chief Executives of CitiBank, Mckensey & Stanchart?
A. Victor Menezes, Rajat Gupta, and Rana Talwar.

Q. We Indians are the wealthiest among all ethnic groups in America , even faring better than the whites and the natives.
There are 3.22 millions of Indians in USA (1.5% of population). YET,
38% of doctors in USA are Indians.
12% scientists in USA are Indians.
36% of NASA scientists are Indians.
34% of Microsoft employees are Indians.
28% of IBM employees are Indians.
17% of INTEL scientists are Indians.
13% of XEROX employees are! Indians.

Some of the following facts may be known to you. These facts were recently published in a German magazine, which deals with WORLD HISTORY FACTS ABOUT INDIA .

   1. India never invaded any country in her last 1000 years of history.
   2. India invented the Number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
   3. The world's first University was established in Takshila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Na landa built in the 4 th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
   4. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software.
   5. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.
   6. Although western media portray modern images of India as poverty striken and underdeveloped through political corruption, India was once the richest empire on earth.
   7. The art of navigation was born in the river Sindh 5000 years ago. The very word "Navigation" is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH.
   8. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is now k! Nown as the Pythagorean Theorem. British scholars have last year (1999) officially published that Budhayan's works dates to the 6 th Century which is long before the European mathematicians.
   9. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India . Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11 th Century; the largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Indians used numbers as big as 10 53.
  10. According to the Gemmological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds to the world.
  11. USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century-old suspicion amongst academics that the pioneer of wireless communication was Professor Jagdeesh Bose and not Marconi.
  12. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra.
  13. Chess was invented in India .
  14. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted surgeries like cesareans, cataract, fractures and urinary stones. Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient India .
  15. When many cultures in the world were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley ( Indus Valley Civilisation).
  16. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.

I hope you enjoyed it and work towards the welfare of INDIA .

Say proudly, I AM AN INDIAN.