Diabetes is a disease that affects every part of the body, even when the diabetes is under control.Diabetics are extremely prone to foot problems. Just because you have Diabetes does not necessarily mean you will suffer from foot issues but being aware and preventative will allow you to spot foot problems which may or may not be related to the Diabetes itself. Diabetics, because of the nature of their disease, have fewer defenses against everyday wear and tear, especially where the feet are concerned. Increased blood sugar affects the feet in the following ways:
Foot problems associated with Diabetes are infections, damaged nerves and blocked arteries, all which can lead to foot ulceration. With diabetics infection and/or foot ulceration can often lead to amputation. Blocked arteries in the lower extremities can lead to severe pain so it is very important to associate diabetes with the need for proper foot care.
People with Diabetes have lower defenses against infections and ability for their body to fight them once they are infected. So minor scrapes and cuts in the foot area can quickly turn into an infectious nightmare for Diabetics. In addition the the fact that Diabetics are prone to nerve damage and arterial blockages, they may not actually feel the pain associated with a minor infection until it worsens.
Localized infections which are contained in one are of the foot or toes can be effectively treated with oral antibiotics. Infections effecting the entire foot must be treated more aggressively. High doses of oral antibiotics, intravenous antibiotics and even surgery may be required to control the infection.
Diabetic Neuropathy is simply damage to the never fibers in people with Diabetes. This becomes problematic because it affects the person’s to feel pain in the foot. So, it is vital for Diabetics to examine their feet daily and practice proper foot care and common sense hygiene.
How to fight a Diabetic Foot ?
Do's and Don'ts
Ppeople with diabetes should take very good care of their feet - regular cleansing, inspection and moisturising is needed.
It’s important to have a trained health professional check your feet at least once a year, but in between visits, people with diabetes can follow these steps to ensure their feet stay healthy.
Wash and inspect your feet daily, also between the toes. Treat any sores, blisters or cracks.
Cut the toenails straight across and file the edges round to avoid ingrown toenails.
Dry your feet properly – also between the toes.
Moisturise daily to avoid cracked heels.
Don’t let your feet soak – not even in a foot spa.
Don’t walk barefoot.
Don’t cut corns and calluses yourself.
Don’t use hot-water bottles or heaters near your feet.
If there are any signs of injury or infection in the foot, such as pain, redness, swelling, a smelly ulcer, a wound that does not heal or any other concerns, a doctor should be consulted immediately.